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Cannabinoids To Know Besides THC and CBD

Cannabinoids To Know Besides THC and CBD

If you’re a fan of cannabis you probably know about the famous molecule in the plant called Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is one of over 100 cannabinoids in marijuana that scientists have discovered.

Cannabinoids are a diverse class of plant-derived compounds with a vast array of unique effects, potential applications, and have been consumed by humans for centuries. Learn more about some of the common, and uncommon cannabinoids you may discover in a dispensary – including in products by The Clear!

What are Cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are a class of molecule defined by their interaction with cannabinoid receptors in the body. Those made by plants are called phyto-cannabinoids which can be found in the trichomes of a cannabis plant. These are the resinous glands or little beautiful crystals that coat the buds.

THC and Cannabidiol (CBD) are two of the most abundant cannabinoids found in cannabis. THC is a psychoactive compound known for providing effects that have been described as euphoric, while CBD is a non-psychoactive compound with effects that some have described as being calming.

These two cannabinoids work synergistically depending on the amounts taken. If a product has a larger concentration of CBD than THC, it can work to reduce the strength of the effects felt from THC. Conversely, If CBD is present in concentrations lower than that of THC, it can enhance the effects of both – known as the Entourage Effect. More on that later.

Endo-cannabinoids

Endo-cannabinoids are cannabinoids made within the human body in response to external stimulation. These endocannabinoids work to help modulate the functionality of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Scientists have identified two main endo-cannabinoids:

  • Anandamide is a neurotransmitter that is produced in our brains in response to stress and binds to the same receptors THC acts on.
  • 2-AG (2-arachidonoyl glycerol) is another cannabinoid our body produces and is thought to play a role in our circulatory system.

Decarboxylation

Smoking joint

In its raw form, many of a cannabis plant’s cannabinoids are found in an acidic state. For example, Tetrahydracannabinoilic Acid (THCA) and Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA) are both precursors to the THC and CBD molecules. THCA does not have psychoactive properties, so consuming THCA by itself you won’t lead to experiencing a high.

To ‘activate’ THCA and transform it into THC, heat must be applied, which is why traditionally people have smoked cannabis. Heat causes the THCA to decarboxylate, where the carboxyl group (what makes THCA acidic) is removed from the molecule.

If you’re wondering, The Clear cannabis oil is decarboxylated during our extraction and distillation process, so the cannabinoids are fully activated in products like our Elite, Classic, Endo cartridges and The Clear CBD products.

Endocannabinoid Receptor System

Endocannabinoid Receptor System

What’s interesting is that our bodies have receptors for cannabinoids in the Endocannabinoid Receptor System (ERS), that was just discovered in the early 1990s! The ERS can be found throughout our bodies ­– in our brains, spines, even skin ­– and is an essential element for the maintenance of human functions. So far scientists know it plays a role in processes such as:

  • Sleep
  • Mood and stress
  • Appetite and digestion
  • Learning and memory
  • Reproduction and fertility
  • Motor control
  • Chronic pain

The ERS receptors respond to both phyto-cannabinoids and endo-cannabinoids. The main receptors are called CB1 and CB2 and are the most abundant receptors found throughout our bodies.

The CB1 receptors are mostly found associated to the CNS, and CB2 receptors are mostly found in your peripheral nervous system such as immune cells. Cannabinoids have been demonstrated to bind to these receptors, influencing a variety of bodily functions.

Common and New Cannabinoids

Now that we’ve defined what cannabinoids are, and how they work with our bodies, let’s talk about common and not so common cannabinoids. The table below includes reported effects of each. *

Cannabinoid Overview and Reported Effects
Delta 9 THC The most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. Reported effects include dose-related euphoria and if too much is taken, intoxication.
Delta 8 THC This cannabinoid has a slower onset and is less abundant than Delta 9 THC. Effects include calm, clarity, relaxation.
THCA THCA is a non-psychoactive form of THC. Effects include multiple reported benefits.
THCV When used with THC, THCV can mitigate intoxicating effects. Reported effects include increased energy, reduced appetite, among others.
CBD CBD is non-intoxicating and is the second most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis. Effects include calming and more.
H4CBD This is hydrogenated CBD created from industrial hemp-CBD. Reported effects have been described as CBD ‘you can feel’, and calming. Learn more about hydrogenated cannabinoids here.
CBN CBN is created when THC degrades due to light and heat. Reported effects include non-intoxicating, relaxation and can be used for nightmares, and more.
CBG CBG is the ‘mother’ or chemical parent to THC and CBD. Reported effects include non-intoxicating and can be helpful for muscle soreness, inducing appetite, and more.
CBC CBC is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that can work synergistically with other cannabinoids. CBC has multiple reported effects and benefits.

*Effects may vary depending on dosage and tolerance levels. The Clear makes no claims on the health benefits of cannabis.

Scientists are starting to conduct more scientific research into cannabinoids and their applications with more uses on the horizon. We do know that the FDA has approved two medications with cannabinoids – synthetic THC Marinol and Epidiolex, a formulated CBD.

Entourage Effect

It’s important to note that scientists have discovered that cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids can work synergistically. This means they work by enhancing or balancing the effects of each other when used in combination.

This phenomenon, called the Entourage Effect, was discovered by a group of scientists in 1998. It can explain why secondary cannabinoids like CBG, CBC and others influence the unique effects of each cannabis strain and euphoria from THC.

Summary

While THC and CBD are the most well-known and popular cannabinoids, research continues to identify minor cannabinoids, and studies are being conducted to further understand their interactions with the Endocannabinoid Receptor System.

Science and innovation are a part of our origin story and values at The Clear. Therefore, we hope this knowledge helps deepen your understanding of cannabinoids and cannabis products that may work best for you!

Source: ‘The Cannabis Prescription’ by Colleen Higgins, R.Ph.

What Are Terpenes?

What Are Terpenes?

What are terpenes? Maybe you’ve heard the term mentioned before. Allow us to explain why are they important, especially to your cannabis experience. This is because they are the natural compounds in marijuana that give each strain or cannabis product it’s unique aromas and flavors.

Terpenes in Plants, Animals and Food

Terpenes are a large and diverse group of fragrance hydrocarbons found in plants, animals, and food. They are the volatile organic molecules secreted by flowers and herbs that shout “visit me!” to bees buzzing in your garden. They are the carriers of the perfect fragrance you catch when hiking through a pine forest. When herbalists tout the power of aromatherapy through “essential oils” like sweet orange, from herbs and plants, they’re talking terpenes.

They are also the carriers of that concentrated scent you inhale when the budtender whips the lid off a container of cannabis at a dispensary. Many terpenes are sticky and odorous to protect the plant that secretes them. Hence, the ubiquitous funky fragrance of cannabis sativa.

However, terpenes can serve as warning signs. The stink in stinkbugs is their terpene reminder to stay away. They also are useful for animals when finding the best foods. For example, squirrels can identify pine trees they want to eat by smelling the tree branches. They select trees with low alpha-pinene because this terpene, with hints of earth and eucalyptus, is a repellant for them.

Lastly, many terpenes can be found in some of your favorite all-natural foods. This includes mangos, apples, citrus fruits, herbs and spices and beer. There is both empirical and anecdotal evidence that terpenes have health benefits. For example, linalool, a terpene also found in lavender, has shown to provide anti-anxiety effects.

Cannabis-Specific Terpenes

Upwards of 100 different terpenes have been identified in cannabis, and these aromatic compounds can help you distinguish between various strains and their effects. For instance, the terpene myrcene, which smells musky or earthy, is associated with a sedative effect. Myrcene heavy indica strains make you collapse in couch lock.

The citrusy scents of a limonene terpene in a strain, on the other hand, signals an opportunity to brighten your mood. Strains that contain the aptly named pinene are said to boost alertness and memory. Peppery caryophyllales often waft from CBD-heavy strains that can help ease a variety of ailments.

Let terpenes be your guideposts along the cannabis trail. They can help you follow your nose to your preferred destination. Here are some of the most common terpenes found in cannabis, including terpenes found in The Clear cannabis oils, which make up our all-natural flavors that are added to our highest quality distillate.

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Common Terpenes in Cannabis

Terpene

Found In

Used For

Aroma

Linalool

Lavender, Blueberry

Sleep and relaxation
Anxiety or Pain

Floral

Terpinolene

Lilac, Nutmeg, Cumin, XJ-13, Golden Goat, Lemon Haze

Antibacterial
Antifungal

Piney, floral, herbaceous, citrusy

Pinene

Pine Trees, Orange Peels, Golden Goat, Lemon Haze

Bronchodilator
Asthma

Pine

Myrcene

Mango, Hops, Bay leaves, Eucalyptus, Blueberry, OG

Anti-tumor
Anti-inflammatory
Spasms
Insomnia

Earthy, Fruity, Clove-like

Caryophyllene

Black Pepper, Cloves, Thai Basil, XJ-13, OG

Antibacterial
Anti-septic
Anti-inflammatory
Anti-tumor

Spicy

Humulene

Hops, Sage, Coriander

Inflammation

Earthy, Hops-like

Limonene

Lemons, Oranges

Stimulates the Immune System
Anti-fugal
Gastric Reflux

Citrus

Carene

Rosemary, Lemons, Pines, Golden Goat

Improve bone health
Anti-inflammatory

Citrus, cypress aroma

Borneol

Teak Family of Trees

Coughs and Cold
Pain or Swelling

Camphor, Mint

Sources: Leafly and ‘The Cannabis Prescription’ by Colleen Higgins, R.Ph.

There’s dozens more scents and sensibilities to explore. Just like a honeybee seeking out its favorite terpene-laden flower, you can sidestep confusing strain names. Learn to select cannabis by associating the effect you’re after with the fragrance of the associated terpene.

Terpenes – Key to Your Cannabis Experience

Cannabis terpenes are not just another pretty or putrid smell. The psychoactive properties of the cannabinoid THC, and anti-inflammatory qualities of CBD get much of the credit for the potency and effects of pot. However, there is more emerging evidence for the “entourage effect.” This theory suggests that terpenes enable, enhance or moderate the high—and the health effects—of cannabis.

The landmark study Taming THC was published in the British Journal of Pharmacology in 2011. It details how various terpenes can limit the downsides of cannabis. Subsequently, also amplify the benefits. So, if you’re not making terpenes part of your cannabis experience, you’re probably missing out on important information about brain and body benefits.

Which strains work best for you? There’s only one sure way to find out! See if they pass your sniff test.

Image source: Pixabay

The Clear’s Live Resin Cartridge

The Clear’s Live Resin Cartridge

Most cannabis connoisseurs likely know about live resin – a concentrate that is favored for its fresh aromas, tastes, and impactful effects. Keep reading to learn more about live resin, how it’s extracted, and about The Clear’s enhanced live resin cartridge. We love it and hope you do too!

What is Live Resin?

Live resin is a cannabis oil extracted from cannabis plant material that has been freshly frozen immediately after being harvested, rather than being dried or cured. This preserves the cannabinoids like THC and terpene compounds that make up its smells and tastes.

How is Live Resin Extracted?

As mentioned, live resin is extracted from whole cannabis plants before they are cured. Cannabis chemists start by freezing live flower buds and sugar leaves that are rich in trichomes. Trichomes are the white frosty crystals on buds and leaves that have an abundance of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Trichomes

Usually, the buds and leaves are chilled down to at least -40° F using specialized dry-ice freezers or liquid nitrogen. This allows the raw flower to avoid degradation and retain more of its original terpene and cannabinoid profile. This makes it a full-spectrum product containing all-natural compounds of the raw cannabis plant.

Within 24-36 hours of being frozen, the plant parts are passed through with a solvent, then the live resin extraction is purged of solvents at a low temperature. Hydrocarbon extraction is considered the most optimal method of extracting live resin and is commonly used to create this craft concentrate.

Live Resin Vapes

Can you put live resin in a cartridge? The answer is yes. While traditionally this cannabis concentrate is consumed using a dab rig, live resin can also be taken in a vape pen. It can be placed in an oil cartridge, attached to a battery, and vaporized for smooth and tasty hits.

This method of consumption is growing. Live resin vapes are estimated to make up nearly 21% of vape sales nationally with sales forecasted to increase by 35% in 2022 according to Brightfield Group.

So, if you love live resin or are curious, heads up! The Clear has a brand new enhanced live resin cartridge on the market – ENDO. We will tell you all about this delicious full-spectrum concentrate and what makes ENDO unique below.

What is ENDO Enhanced Live Resin?

We start with the highest quality cannabis plants that are locally grown and extracted using state-of-the-art equipment. Available strains will vary from state to state (currently ENDO live resin vapes are being offered at select locations in Colorado and Missouri). After extraction of the fresh-frozen flower, ENDO live resin is made by crystalizing or “diamond mining” the cannabinoid THCA. This removes the crystals, and the result is a tasty, high-grade live resin ‘sauce’ that is the star of the show.

Next, we enhance the potency of our live resin by mixing it with our AAA grade THC distillate. Our distillate is extracted from high-quality flower and created using our proprietary extraction and distillation process to achieve maximum purity for the cleanest oil.

ENDO Flavors

Finally, we add just a touch of our award-winning all-natural flavors to the distillate. We subject each new strain of high-grade live resin extract to rigorous sensory testing to find the perfect pairing with the terpene profiles in our flavors. These flavors are not synthetically made but created in-house using plant-derived terpenes. Our ENDO flavors include:

  • Blueberry
  • Blue Raz
  • Grapevine
  • Orange Cream
  • Lime Sorbet
  • Potent Pineapple
  • Banana Cream
  • Lemon Haze

Combine this with C-CELL technology hardware that sets the industry standard, and it results in an elevated enhanced live resin vape experience. This includes unique all-natural flavors and more terpene and cannabinoids from the natural plant that all connoisseurs will highly enjoy.

How do you use an ENDO cartridge and battery?

You might be wondering what is the best battery for live resin cartridges. Our ENDO cartridge comes with 500mg of oil and is compatible with a 510 threaded battery. The 510 cart will twist right into any of our The Clear batteries.

Endo cart and battery

After you take your ENDO cart out of its package, attach it to a standard or dual voltage The Clear battery. If you are using a dual voltage battery press the button five times to turn it on. If this is the first time hitting the cartridge or if you need to warm it up because it’s cold, click the button twice. This puts it in a pre-heat mode to prime you for the first hit.

The low setting is best for ENDO

To change the temperature settings, press the button three times and the light on the battery will turn yellow at 3.6 volts, which is best for larger hits. Press it three more times for the next setting and the light on the battery will turn white at 3.0 volts.

The white 3.0 volts low setting is great if you want to get as much flavor out of the cartridge as you can and care less about the thickness of the hit. This lower voltage has the advantage of preserving the flavor and preventing degradation of the oil. We also recommend this setting to be used specifically for ENDO because the high terpene content of the ENDO line means that it has a less viscous texture, allowing the ENDO oil to flow easily at lower temperatures.

How to turn the battery off and store ENDO

Press the button five more times to turn the battery off. Be sure to store your Endo cart upright in a cool, dry safe place away from extreme cold or heat. If it gets too hot it can degrade the quality of the oil. You can detach the cartridge from the battery while not in use, and always safely lock it up and store out of reach from children or pets.

Find ENDO

Ready to try ENDO? We hope you will enjoy this enhanced live resin vape experience! Both flower and cannabis oil lovers will find an ENDO session satisfying and discreet.

To find ENDO cartridges near you visit our locations map to find a dispensary that carries this new and exciting product. If you work at a dispensary and would like to feature ENDO in your shop contact us.

 

WARNING: Overconsumption of Marijuana Concentrate may lead to Psychotic symptoms and/or Psychotic disorder, Mental Health Symptoms/Problems, Cannabis Hyperemesis (CHS), and Cannabis use disorder/dependence, including physical and psychological dependence.

What is an Infused Pre-Roll?

What is an Infused Pre-Roll?

Infused pre-rolls have been around for a while but are gaining momentum in legal markets with both cannabis consumers and brands. Many of us love a good joint or concentrate session and an infused joint provides the best of both worlds with a new elevated experience.

In this article, we’ll define what an infused pre-roll is, the different types and why people like them. We’ll also introduce you to TWAX and TWAX Minis, The Clear’s infused pre-rolls and their all-natural flavors. Heads up, they are delicious and potent! Therefore, it’s a good idea to start slow and keep them stored away safely.

What are infused pre-rolled joints?

An infused pre-roll is cannabis flower that is ground up and has a cannabis concentrate added to it and then rolled with smoke paper. The concentrate can be different types such as hash, kief, wax, live resin, or THC distillate and can be inside the paper or on the outside of the joint. The cannabis concentrates can contain anywhere from 80% – 95% THC.

Infused pre-rolls can be “dogwalkers”, which are small joints for a short smoke session, or come as a large joint for a long session. Some are called diamond-infused pre-rolls. Diamond refers to the cannabinoid THCa that form as diamond-like crystals from cannabis extraction.

Why do consumers like infused pre-rolls?

Infused cannabis pre-rolled joints are being created and offered by cannabis brands for good reasons. Experienced consumers with higher tolerances enjoy infused pre-rolls as they offer a heightened experience to a joint session. While those less experienced with cannabis need only a little to get a nice buzz.

Infused Pre-roll joint sessionSome infused pre-rolls feature tasty added flavors that make them even more appealing. The Clear offers all-natural flavors for our infused pre-rolls, created from plant terpenes and flavonoids, so they are never synthetic.

Plus, infused pre-rolls are fantastic for socializing and taking your cannabis-loving friends to new levels, including their taste buds. Alternatively, some people like them for deep relaxation at night. It helps to know the type of strain and terpenes to assess how they might affect you.

People like infused joints so much we are seeing the demand for them increase. According to Headset, the Pre-Roll Market in the U.S. reached a new high in August 2021 at 10.9%. Additionally, infused pre-rolls were the second best-selling pre-roll segment in U.S. markets from August 2020 to August 2021.

The Clear™ TWAX Infused Pre-rolls

At The Clear, we are always striving to innovate clean, consistent, and high-quality cannabis products, which is why we created TWAX, our infused pre-roll.

We start with grinding up premium cannabis flower to the perfect consistency for a smooth burn. The flower is then infused with our highest grade of THC distillate. We then use dye-free unbleached papers to perfectly roll the infused flower.

The Clear TWAX and TWAX Minis

Our TWAX infused single pre-rolls come with 1.25 grams of premium infused cannabis flower with around 200mg of AAA grade distillate. Our TWAX Minis have .35 grams of premium infused flower in each with seven joints per tin, for a total of 2.45 grams of bud infused with AAA distillate.

TWAX Flavors and Effects

As mentioned, we offer TWAX in some of our most popular award-winning flavors that are all-natural. Our flavors are from plant-derived terpenes and added to our premium distillate.

If you’re wondering what strains we use, they vary from state to state. We carefully pair cannabis flower strains and their terpene profiles with the terpene profiles in our flavors so that you get the best natural tastes and effects.

At The Clear, we like to make it easy for you to know what flavor or product will have your desired effects. So, we categorize our product flavors by Anytime hybrid balanced flavors, Daytime Sativa-like flavors, or Nighttime Indica-leaning flavors. TWAX comes in these delicious flavors:

  • Banana Anytime flavor
  • Blueberry Nighttime flavor
  • Grapevine Nighttime flavor
  • Lemon Haze Daytime flavor

Testing is Important

Quality control for a safe, consistent, and uncontaminated experience is as paramount as a TWAX. That’s why we test and meet rigorous standards to make sure your experience is superior! We test our pre-rolls for heavy metals, pesticides, and contaminants even the papers, so your TWAX experience is the cleanest, and most flavorful on the market.

Find TWAX at a dispensary near you here. If you’re interested in featuring TWAX in your dispensary, contact us.

 

WARNING: Overconsumption of Marijuana Concentrate may lead to Psychotic symptoms and/or Psychotic disorder, Mental Health Symptoms/Problems, Cannabis Hyperemesis (CHS), and Cannabis use disorder/dependence, including physical and psychological dependence.

The Clear’s Secret to Amazing Natural Flavors

The Clear’s Secret to Amazing Natural Flavors

If you love The Clear, odds are, it’s because of our flavors. Let’s talk terpenes…and other magical molecules that plants produce.

We’ve already shared with you the secrets behind The Clear™s cultivation and extraction and distillation techniques, yielding the purest cannabis concentrate on the market. But, what happens once we’ve made our ultra-clean, golden cannabis oil? How does our obsession with quality impact the array of luscious flavors our discerning customers seek out?

To bring our true-to-life flavors into The Clear, we use naturally-derived terpenes, all-natural compounds and flavonoids from plants. Our advanced vape hardware then elevates taste to the next level.

Terpenes and Plant Compounds 

Terpenes in weed are what give cannabis strains their singular flavors and fragrances. They can be found throughout the plant kingdom. Terpenes are immediately identifiable scents and flavors found in tart lemons, icy mint, savory thyme, spicy pepper and many more herbs, spices and fruits. They broadly range from classic skunky scents to sweet, fruity notes.

Flavonoids give fruits and vegetables their bright colors. They give pigmentation of deep purple to red or blue hues. So far, scientists have discovered more than 200 terpenes and over 20 flavonoids in cannabis plants alone. Both types of compounds work synergistically with cannabinoids like THC to create effects and give different cannabis strains unique attributes and characteristics. They also each have unique health benefits that scientists are just starting to uncover.

Other all-natural plant compounds that are used to formulate our flavors include ketones, esters and lactones (organic esters). Esters are very common and are found in a large number of essential oils. They are anti-fungal, calming and relaxing. Ketones are also found in plants and are helpful with respiratory conditions conditions such as asthma, colds, flu and dry cough. 

Many other companies inject synthetic terpenes into their extracts. However, our award-winning flavors come from only these natural plant sources, not a factory. Further, our proprietary formulations are tested thoroughly and never contain contaminants or heavy metals. Just as our extraction process distills our cannabis oil to its purest form, our terpene and other natural plant compound extraction process also draws out the best, most concentrated form of natural flavor. As a result, the delectable flavors are true to the strains and fruits they are drawn from.  

Cannabis Strain Flavors

Everyone’s taste buds are different, so we’ve created a dozen fruit flavors to please every palate, as well as five special flavors that pay tribute to some of the most popular cannabis strains around.

Our award-winning cannabis cartridges, syringes and disposable vape pens include these top cannabis strains flavors with popular terpene profiles. These strain specific flavors include:

  • Sweet-and-piney XJ-13
  • Pungently sour, salty and sweet OG
  • Peppery Golden Goat
  • Citrus-minded Lemon Haze (also available in Clear™ CBD)
  • Terpene-free neutral Lobster Butter THC distillate

Tantalizing Fruit Flavors

  • Juicy Potent Pineapple*
  • Bright, jammy Blue Raz
  • Ripe, sweet Blueberry*
  • Tangy, sweet Lime Sorbet and Lemon Lime*
  • Bright, rich Orange Cream*
  • Juicy, soda-inspired Grapevine
  • Super-ripe and deep Strawberry* (seasonal)
  • Balanced, smooth Banana Cream, and
  • Complex and satisfying Strawberry Banana (seasonal)

(* = also featured in our Clear CBD lineup)

Please get in touch with your local dispensary for flavor availability.

The Clear’s Stellar Flavor Vape Tech  

When it comes time to consume, our vaporizer again exemplifies our desire to be straightforward and transparent, while implementing the most advanced CCELL technology. Our vape hardware is precision-made from medical-grade stainless steel, ceramic and glass. That’s it. No fibers, glues or chemicals.

We go to great lengths to ensure quality. When our customers pick up a Clear vape, they can tell right away that they’re getting the best experience on the market. It’s a smooth experience with consistent, flavorful and supremely effective results.

Find The Clear products here. Purchasing manager for a dispensary? Contact us at info@clrcan.com. Dispensary owner or larger scale operator looking to bring The Clear to your state? Contact us here.

 

WARNING: Overconsumption of Marijuana Concentrate may lead to Psychotic symptoms and/or Psychotic disorder, Mental Health Symptoms/Problems, Cannabis Hyperemesis (CHS), and Cannabis use disorder/dependence, including physical and psychological dependence.